LPS, AOT Laura's Law, & Crisis

Lanterman Petris Short (LPS) Act & 5150 process

What is an involuntary hold or 5150?
5150 is the number of the section of the Welfare and Institutions Code, which allows an adult who is experiencing a mental health crisis to be involuntarily detained for a 72- hour psychiatric hospitalization when evaluated to be a danger to others, or to himself or herself, or gravely disabled.

A person on a 5150 can be held in the hospital involuntarily for up to 72 hours. This does not mean that they will necessarily be held the entire 72 hours; it means that psychiatric hospitals have the legal right to do so if determined to be necessary. A person can be held involuntarily in a psychiatric facility only if he or she meets at least one of the three basic criteria as a result of a mental health disorder:
- A danger to others.
- A danger to self – Not limited to suicidal behavior.
- Gravely disabled – Unable to take care of food, clothing, and housing needs. The law also states that the evaluator shall consider available relevant information about the historical course of the person’s mental illness.

Who can complete this form? Only law enforcement personnel or person’s trained and designated by the Solano County Behavioral Health Director may complete it

Blank form 

Supplemental Forms:

Advisement form (eng)

Advisement form (span)

DHCS Website
Access to all the most recent MH Certification Forms:

NAMI Solano:

Guide to LPS for families: https://namisolanocounty.org/guide-to-lcs-conservatorship/


Laura's Law (AOT) Assisted Outpatient Treatment

What is AOT?
Assisted Outpatient Treatment (AOT) is a new intervention strategy adopted by the Solano County Board of Supervisors for local implementation. Also known as "Laura's Law", AOT is a civil (not criminal) legal procedure that can be requested by concerned family members, care-givers, and other qualified referral sources (see below) for people who may be too ill to recognize the need for services. Under AOT, eligible individuals can receive court-ordered, intensive treatment in the community. The goal of AOT is to improve access and adherence to services at the lowest level of care necessary in order to prevent further deterioration that can result from untreated serious mental illness.

What services does AOT provide?

  • Services are first offered voluntarily if the person is willing to accept help
  • Intensive case management team that provides mental health treatment, medication monitoring, access to primary health care, and substance abuse counseling
  • Assistance in applying for an obtaining benefits such as SSI and food stamps
  • Help finding supportive housing
  • Vocational rehabilitation
  • Peer mentoring and support
  • Collaboration with and support for families
  • Oversight by a Judge when needed to encourage compliance
  • No forced medication

Who can request AOT? (per W&I Code 5345-5349.5)

  • Immediate adult family member
  • Adults residing with individual
  • Director of treating agency, organization, facility, or hospital
  • Treating licensed mental health professional
  • Peace officer, parole or probation officer supervising the individual

Who qualifies for AOT? (must meet all, per W&I Code 5345-5349.5)

  • Solano County resident, minimum of 18 years of age
  • Clinical determination that the person is unlikely to survive safely in the community without supervision
  • Person's condition is substantially deteriorating
  • Person has been offered chance to participate in development of their treatment plan for services and continues to fail to become involved
  • Person has a history of a lack of participation in mental health program that have resulted in either 2 or more hospitalizations in the last 36 months, or have one attempt to cause harm to self or others in the last 48 months
  • Person is likely to benefit from AOT services


Referral: Click here . You can also click here for the print version. Please email the completed Referral Form to AOTMH@solanocounty.com

Assisted Outpatient Treatment (AOT) Presentation

Brochure: Laura's Law Assisted Outpatient Treatment (AOT) Brochure

Crisis Services

If this is a crisis, please either call 911 or call our crisis unit at 707-428-1131

Crisis Stabilization Services (CSS)

Crestwood Behavioral Health
2101 Courage Drive
Fairfield, CA


Crestwood Crisis Stabilization Unit (CSU) provides Solano County children, adolescents and adults, who are experiencing a mental health crisis, a safe and warm place to land. It is their first step on their road to recovery. The CSU has 12 beds and is open 24-hours a day, 7-days a week and no appointment is necessary. Clients are welcomed into our safe, homelike environment, where they will receive compassionate recovery support from our diverse team of clinical staff who are trained in trauma-informed approaches of care.

The CSU is funded by Solano County Health and Social Services Mental Health Services Act.


If you have any other service questions, call the Behavioral Health Access Line at (800) 547-0495 - Monday through Friday, between the hours of 8:00 am and 5:00 pm

The Access line is not a crisis service.