Index A - E

A      B      C      D      E  
F - O   P - Z


Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine (ABM) is a worldwide organization of physicians
dedicated to the promotion, protection and support of breastfeeding and human lactation. 

ABM Protocols: 





Allergic Proctocolitis in Exclusive BF Infant



Analgesia and Anesthesia in BF Mother






Antidepressants and BF Mother



Breastfeeding Policy



Cleft Lip, Palate and BF Infant 



Contraception during BF



Cosleeping and BF



Discharge-Term Newborn












Hypotonic Infant and BF



Jaundice in BF Infant >35 Wks. Gest.



Late Preterm Breastfeeding






NICU Graduate Going Home



Pain Mgt. (Non Pharm.) in BF Infant



Perpartum BF Mgt. 



Persistent Pain with Breastfeeding



Physician Office-BF Friendly



Prenatal Setting BF Promotion



Preprocedural Fasting for BF Infant



Storage of Human Milk for Home Use



Substance Use and BF





Adolescent Resources (see "Teens") 
    Adolescent Family Life Program - California Department of Public Health
        Nutrition and Physical Activity Guidelines for Adolescents: Infant Feeding (PDF) 
            To assist Adolescent Family Life Program (AFLP) case managers in motivating 
            AFLP clients: The Infant Feeding chapter focuses on breastfeeding 
            and provides related handouts. 

        Breastfeeding Resources and Information:
Infant Feeding - Information for home visitors and health workers and useful handouts such as:
                    Breastfeeding Checklist for My Baby and Me (
                    Breastfeeding: Common Questions and Answers (
                    My Action Plan for Breastfeeding (
                    My Birth Plan (
PDF)... Spanish 
                    My Breastfeeding Resources (
                    Nutrition and Breastfeeding: Common Questions and Answers (

Adoptive Breastfeeding Resource Websites
       Adoptive breastfeeding resource website:  
       Ask LeonoreAsk Lenore is an information resource for couples 
            who are expanding their families via adoption, surrogacy, 
            or traditional pregnancy as well as those who are experiencing 
            infertility and/or recurrent miscarriage.        
        Breastfeeding your adopted or surrogate born baby 
                (International Breastfeeding Centre)  
        Protocols for Induced Lactation - Normal and accelerated 
        Relactation and Adoptive Breastfeeding  
  (Kelly Mom)
        Breastfeeding Your Adopted Baby 
                (Breastfeeding USA)

Affordable Care Act - Breastfeeding Support
 Model Policy for Insurance Carriers:
Payer Coverage of Breastfeeding Support and Counseling Services, Pumps and Supplies
                Created by: 
US Breastfeeding Committee and National Breastfeeding Center

African American Resources
      A More Excellent Way Peer Counselor Program:     
Solano County Support Groups for times and locations of meetings.
            Tel: (707) 648-1247, E-mail:
[email protected]
     Black Infant Health – (707) 553-5056
         (Solano County Black Infant Health Program)
      Black Mothers Breastfeeding Association 
      Black Women Do Breastfeed 
      MochaMilk Blogspot  
      Moms Rising:  Blk BFing: Making HERstory
      ROSE (Reaching Our Sisters Everywhere)
Texas Department of Health: 
      Your Guide to African American Breastfeeding (free) 

American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP)
     AAP Section on Breastfeeding   

    Breastfeeding After Anesthesia

Ankyloglossia (see "
Tongue Tie")

Assessment Tools
:  (see California Model Hospital Policy Recommendation #6):  
  Per AAP Recommendations 
  LATCH scoring tool (PDF) 
      Breastfeeding Assessment Tool, for the First 4 weeks: 

    UK Baby Friendly 
       Guidelines for discussion and signature sheets: 
       · Signature sheet for the antenatal period 
       · Signature sheet for the early postnatal period 
       · Signature sheet and breastfeeding assessment tool for the later postnatal period 
       · Having meaningful conversations with mothers: A guide to using the Baby Friendly signature sheets 
    Breastfeeding Checklists
    • breastfeeding checklist for mothers
    • breastfeeding assessment form for mothers and midwives 
    • breastfeeding assessment form for mothers and health visitors 

    Professional Staff Education: 
       Nurse Core Competencies checklist (Word document)

 Attachment Parenting:
      Attachment Parenting International    
      Attachment Parenting (Twins)  
      Attachment Parenting (Facebook)           

Arabic breastfeeding Leaflet 
    La Leche League - Algeria
    EchoMinnesota - Video - Breastfeeding Your Baby
    National Institutes of Health -Leaflets - Bilingual Leaflets

Australian Breastfeeding Association: As Australia’s leading authority on breastfeeding, 
    we support, educate and advocate for a breastfeeding inclusive society.


Baby Behavior

      Secrets of Baby Behavior:  It's time to use a little common sense and readjust our thinking. 
        We can learn a lot from babies and the wonderful research that has been done about 
        them over the last 30 years. In this blog, you'll hear from moms who have been in the 
        trenches (and in the classroom), who understand what you are going through and what 
        your baby is trying to tell you. We look forward to sharing our knowledge and experience 
        with you and we hope that you'll share your ideas and questions with us. 
        Best wishes from your friends at the UC Davis Human Lactation Center

       USDA Baby Behavior Materials
Understanding your baby infant behaviors (English) (Spanish)
        California Baby Behavior Campaign
Getting to Know Your Baby: English   Spanish
                Infant States          
                Sleep Facts
                Helping Parents deal with lack of sleep
rying:  (English) (Spanish)                          
            UC Davis Lactation Center Baby Behavior handouts

Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative 

    Kaiser Permanente Implementation Tookits:
        • Tools applicable to Baby-Friendly approach (zip, 56.5mb)
        • Tools applicable to
Breastfeeding Collaborative approach (zip, 43.1mb)

    UNICEF: United Nations Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF) is a United Nations program headquartered 
        in New York City that provides long-term humanitarian and developmental assistance to children and 
        mothers in developing countries.
            The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative: Hospitals and maternity units set a powerful example for 
            new mothers. The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative ( BFHI ), launched in 1991, is an effort by 
            UNICEF and the World Health Organization (who) to ensure that all maternities, whether 
            free standing or in a hospital, become centers of breastfeeding support.
    UK Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative  

    USA Baby Friendly Initiative  
        Frequently Asked Questions about Baby Friendly Designation

     Baby Friendly Rap

Baby Milk Action : Baby Milk Action, as part of a global network, acts to stop misleading marketing 
    by the baby feeding industry. We protect breastfeeding and babies fed on formula to prevent 
    unnecessary death and suffering. 
    The global network is called IBFAN (the International Baby Food Action Network) a network of over 
    270 citizens groups in more than 160 countries.

Banking: Human Milk 

    Human Milk Banking Association of North America

    Mother’s Milk Bank at Santa Clara Valley Medical Center, San Jose, CA       
        Telephone: 877-375-6645

    Why is donor milk so expensive? 

Bariatric Surgery and Breastfeeding:
    ILCA Inside Track Handout: Breastfeeding After Weight Loss Surgery 
    La Leche League Update: Bariatric Surgery and Lactation    

Bathing the Baby (UK) in NICU: 
    Bathing your baby:

Benefits of Breastfeeding    
    La Leche League International (2013)  Outcomes of Breastfeeding 
How benefits add up  

Biological Nurturing: (English) (Spanish

Biting - Ideas on how to deal with it!
        When Baby Bites (Kelly Mom)
        A collection of ideas from other moms in La Leche League

Birth and Beyond California Hospital Breastfeeding Quality Improvement Project

Birth Control (Family Planning, Contraception) 
Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine Protocol #13 
            Contraception During Breastfeeding (Revised 2015)
        La Leche League Update on Birth Control

Birth Plans:
    Sources of links to assist mothers in creating their own Birth Plans: 
            • English
             • Spanish
    Sample Birth Plan in English and Spanish with check boxes 
            • English Birth Plan (
            • Spanish Birth Plan (
            • Information for Health Worker/Educator (

Block Feeding - often recommended for "oversupply"
    Dos and don'ts: Nancy Mohrbacker

Books for Children related to breastfeeding 

Books for Families, Teachers and Parenting:  
        Dia L.  Michels: Platypus Media  
        (Speaker in the California Breastfeeding Summit - 2016)

Bottle Feeding 
     Solano County Handout: Cue-Based Bottle Feeding

     Breast and Bottle feeding;
            Balancing Breast and Bottle: Reaching Your Breastfeeding Goals 

    Cue Feeding or Paced bottle feeding: 
        Bottle feeding the breastfed baby ( 
Tips to Child Care Providers
        LLLI: Tips to bottle feeding a Breastfed Baby
        Video of "baby led or paced bottle feeding"
    Haberman Feeder: to be used for babies with difficulty feeding - cleft palate, low tone, etc. 
 by creator, Mindy Haberman

Breast Anatomy 
        LLLI Update (2012) on Breast anatomy  
Breast Compressions:
       Breast Compressions Handout
        Low Milk Supply website  


Breast Reduction Surgery can cause difficulties with breastfeeding.  During pregnancy, women need to 
    discuss and address the possibility of not being able to fully feed an infant.  References and information:
    Defining Your Own Success: Breastfeeding After Breast Reduction Surgery by Diana West

BreastfeedingOnLine - Breastfeeding Articles, Advice and Encouragement 

Breastfeeding Coalitions (US Breastfeeding Committee List)

Breastfeeding Coalitions (California-wide listing)

    Breastfeeding Coalition of Greater Sacramento  

    Breastfeeding Coalition of Solano County

    Breastfeeding Coalition of Yolo County:

Breastfeeding Legislation in California

Breastfeeding and Dental Health: Brian Palmer, DDS  

Breastfeeding for African American Women:

Breastfeeding Gateway (World Alliance for Breastfeeding Advocacy - WABA)  
    Up to date information on Breastfeeding and Human Lactation

Breast Milk
     Maternal Microbiome

    The Composition of Breast milk (2010) Part 1 Part 2     
        (for parents – based on Ballard O, Morrow AL. 
        Human Milk Composition: Nutrients and Bioactive Factors 
        Pediatr Clin North Am
. Feb 2013; 60(1): 49–74.  
        doi: 10.1016/j.pcl.2012.10.002

     Sour or "funny" smelling milk:

Breast Milk Storage:
    Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine Protocol #8:
Human Milk Storage Information for Home Use for Full-Term Infants (Rev. 2010) 

       La Leche League Update on Breast Milk Storage 

Breast Pumps

    U.S. Food & Drug Administration
Breast Pump Web Site 
        (Information and tips on pumps, pumping and
milk storage)
Breast Pumps: Don't Be Misled - Get the Facts 
         (FDA Consumer Update, January 2013)
PDF Format

     Summary of Breast Pumps (updated 2015) 
        from Breastfeeding in Combat Boots: 
        Choosing a Breast Pump

    How to use a Breast Pump:   

    Hands On Pumping - Jane Morton:
        Maximizing Milk Production with Hands On Pumping
     Brand-specific Websites:

       See complete list of WHO Code compliant and non-compliant companies.

Bright Future Lactation Resource Centre (Linda J. Smith - Ohio) 

Burping the Baby - Use position, gravity and be gentle!
Pediatrician Dr. Wu: How to Burp A Newborn Baby


California Breastfeeding Coalition

California Hospital Breastfeeding Data 

California Department of Public Health:
    Breastfeeding Program

    Infant Health 
    Maternal Health
    WIC Breastfeeding resources

California Perinatal Quality Care Collaborative: (Premature Infants)

Cavities, Early Childhood Caries (ECC) and Breastfeeding
    American Dental Association - 
Breastfeeding: An overview of oral and general health benefits  

Association Between Infant Breastfeeding and Early Childhood Caries in the United States 
Early Childhood Caries: New Knowledge Has Implications for Breastfeeding Families  
    Infant Dental Decay: is it related to breastfeeding? 
        (  Slides - Explanations 
    Oral Health During Pregnancy and Early Childhood: 
        Evidence-Based Guidelines for Health Professionals

CDC - Center for Disease Control

The Center for Disease Control (CDC) Vital Signs:  
     Most hospitals do not fully support breastfeeding.
     Breastfeeding helps protect against childhood obesity and other illnesses,
        and lowers medical costs.

CDC Breastfeeding Data:  

CDC Breastfeeding Program

     CDC Guide to Strategies to Support Breastfeeding Mothers and Babies
                     Download full document: PDF
                Webinar slides
Webinar recording
                Order printed copies of the Guide from CDC

Cesarean and Breastfeeeding;
    Breastfeeding after a Cesarean: 
        Handout from Lactation Training: PDF
        Breastfeeding Basics: Breastfeeding After a Cesarean  

    Is it possible to breastfeed after a Cesarean Birth? YES
        La Leche League International  Cesarean

        Kelly Mom   

Childbirth class online :  

Child Care:                 
Breastfeed LA Toolkit
             Handouts for mothers and child care workers in English and Spanish  
    Breast Milk Storage for Child Care Workers: 
Tips to day care providers (Lactation Education Resources
    Caregivers and Breastfeeding by Nancy Mohrbacker:

Spanish and English handouts for child care workers                    
Community Care Licensing Division Child Care Offices

    Texas: A guide for Child Care Centers
Ten Steps to Breastfeeding Friendly Child Care Centers: 

    U.S. National Resource Center: 
        Preventing Childhood Obesity in Early Care and Education Programs 

Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (CDC) 
        Preventing Chronic Disease :
Public Health Research, Practice and Policy

Cleft Lip/Cleft Palate resources:
Australian Breastfeeding Association:
        Additional information on
Cleft Lip and Palate (
        Medela had an excellent handout, some of their books may be in stock at:

Coalition for Improving Maternity Services (CIMS) is a coalition of individuals and national organizations
   with a mutual concern for the care and well-being of mothers, babies, and families. Our members
   consist of the broader community of childbirth organizations, birth professionals, stakeholders,
   birth advocates and consumers. CIMS’ mission is to work with the birth and breastfeeding
   community and our members by encouraging and promoting evidence-based,
   Mother-and-Baby-Friendly maternity care, as outlined in the
    Mother-Friendly Childbirth Initiative (MFCI ) the first and only
    consensus document on U.S. maternity care.

CoBedding (risk reduction information)

   Infant Sleep Information Source (ISIS): 
        ISIS is a collaboration between Durham University Parent-Infant Sleep Lab,
        La Leche League, NCT, and UNICEF UK Baby Friendly Initiative, funded by
        a grant from the ESRC (Economic and Social Research Council). 

        This website is about normal infant sleep. We use 'normal' to mean
        'what is biologically expected for humans'. 
        Our starting point is that sleep is a biological  need. We present information a
        bout what is biologically normal for human babies. We also discuss how this
        may vary due to different cultural behaviours and expectations 
        such as what babies are fed, where they sleep, and how societies I
        nterpret their needs. 

        This information is for: 
         * Parents who wish to make informed choices about infant sleep and
             night-time care, 
         * Health Professionals who wish to share evidecne-based information
             with parents about infant sleep
    Where Babies Sleep

    Safe Sleep for You and Your baby   

    Safe Sleep 7 - La Leche League International'
        Tearsheets to review Safe Sleep guidelines

Communication with Baby
    Baby Communication (UK)         

Complete Mother, The 

Comprehensive Perinatal Services Program (CPSP) 
Steps to Take Program Guidelines for Enhanced Health Education, Nutrition and Psychosocial Services, 
            revised in 2015
        (Breastfeeding: Pages 346-387/ Nutr 141-192) 
            Handouts on Nutrition and Physical Activity as well as Breastfeeding from Steps To Take 

Antenatal Expressing Colostrum for mothers with Diabetes
        and other medical conditions that may require early supplementation 

Community Health Centers:
        Nine Steps To Breastfeeding Friendly
Guidelines for Community Health Centers and Outpatient Care Settings 
            The Guidelines were developed in collaboration with the California WIC Association 
            and the California Breastfeeding Coalition to support community health centers 
            and outpatient care settings to: 
            • successfully implement practices and policies that protect, promote 
                and support breastfeeding, 
            • provide a framework for creating and sustaining a community-based, 
                universally assessable, quality care and support system for breastfeeding 
                mothers and their families. 
        For questions, please contact
Linda Cowling  
            John Talarico, DO, MPH 
            Chief, Nutrition Education and Obesity Prevention Branch 
            California Department of Public Health

Contraception (Birth Control, Family Planning)
    La Leche League Update on Update on Contraception

Cost Benefits of Not Breastfeeding:
          Bartick M, Reinhold A. (2010) The burden of suboptimal breastfeeding in the United States: 
                a pediatric cost analysis. Pediatrics. 2010 May;125(5):e1048-56.  (Abstract)

          Bartick M, Steube, A, Schwarz E, Luongo C,Rienhold A, Foster, EM (2013) 
             Cost Analysis of Maternal Disease Associated with Suboptimal Breastfeeding
             Obstetrics & Gynecology, July 2013. Published online on June 6, 2013. (Abstract)

CPSP (see Comprehensive Perinatal Services Program of California)
    Comprehensive Perinatal Services Steps to Take Program Guidelines 
    For Enhanced Health Education, Nutrition and Psychosocial Services (PDF) 
    Created for Comprehensive Perinatal Services Program (CPSP) staff members, 
    this document supplements and enhances existing CPSP protocols on a broad 
    range of topics common to pregnancy. There are guidelines on nutrition, 
    physical activity, maternal diabetes, and breastfeeding. 

    Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Breastfeeding Steps to Take Handouts 
    These handouts provide nutrition information and tips for pregnant women 
    from conception through 60 days postpartum in both English and Spanish.

Cue Feeding Also see "Baby Behavior"
Breastfeeding On Cue (La Leche League International)           

    Hospital Policies and References
        Policy 6:  
            6.5 Frequency and duration of feedings at the breast should be infant-led. 
            Non-timed feedings and cue-based offerings will be the basis 
            for mother-infant care. The infant needs to have active suckling 
            and swallowing time at the breast during each feeding.

Secrets of Baby Behavior   UC Davis Lactation Center Forum on normal infant behavior
        Learning and creating you and your baby's special language


Data on Breastfeeding - see "Statistics"
Death of an Infant - education and follow-up information:
Lactation after Perinatal, Neonatal or Infant Loss by Melissa Cole
            Care Ideas for Lactation Suppression and Engorgement Following Loss 

            Lactation Suppression Care Plan for Mothers 

Dia L. Michels
Platypus Media -- Books for Families, Teachers and Parenting Professionals 

Down Syndrome and Breastfeeding     
         Handout: Breastfeeding a Baby with Down Syndrome (Canada)      
        Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine: Protocol:
Breastfeeding the Hypotonic Infant

Drug Dependence and Breastfeeding     
    Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine Protocol #21:
Guidelines for Breastfeeding and the Drug-Dependent Woman

    Infant Risk Center         
Alcohol and Breastfeeding         
Effects of Marijuana on the Fetus and Breastfeeding Infants:
    Look up specific drugs using
Lactmed (US National Library of Medicine)          
    Can Download IPhone and Android Apps from:

 Dysphoric Milk Ejection Reflex
    Mothers report feeling negative emotions that occur just before milk release 
    and continuing not more than a few minutes.  


Ebola - 
    Links to CDC Updates:
10 Things to know about Ebola  
Recommendations for Breastfeeding/Infant Feeding in the Context of Ebola
     Information from UNICEF and WHO
      September, 2014 - Clarification on infant feeding in the context of Ebola

Economic Benefits of Breastfeeding 
    The Burden of Suboptimal Breastfeeding in the United States: A Pediatric Cost Analysis (2010)
            Bartick M, Reinhold A. The burden of suboptimal breastfeeding in the United States:
                    a pediatric cost analysis. Pediatrics. 2010;125(5):e1048–1056. 

    Breastfeeding and the US Economy
            Bartick M1. Breastfeed Med. 2011 Oct;6:313-8. doi: 10.1089/bfm.2011.0057. 

    Cost analysis of maternal disease associated with suboptimal breastfeeding (2013)
            Bartick MC, Stuebe AM, Schwarz EB, Luongo C, Reinhold AG, Foster EM. 
                    Cost analysis of maternal disease associated with suboptimal breastfeeding. 
                    Obstet Gynecol. 2013;122(1):111–119.

Education for IBCLCs:
     Accreditation and Approval Review Committee (AARC) 
        on Education in Human Lactation and Breastfeeding
         Approved Courses

     USLCA Webinars

Education for Health Care Providers

California Department of Public Health:
            Education for Professionals

        Kaiser Permanente Care management Institute:
Improving Hospital Breastfeeding Support Implementation Toolkit:

California Model Hospital Policies:

  Policy # 1.5: Nurses coming in contact with mothers, infants or children should receive
  standardized education and training on the support and management of lactation.
  Lactation management should be included as part of orientation and included as
  part of ongoing training and competency evaluation for both nurses and physicians. 

  Policy #2: Nurses, certified nurse midwives, physicians and other health professionals with expertise
  regarding the benefits and management of breastfeeding should educate pregnant and postpartum
  women when the opportunity for education exists, for example, during prenatal classes, in clinical
  settings, and at discharge teaching. 

Emergency Preparedness and Breastfeeding
American Academy of Pediatrics: 
Infant Feeding in Emergencies and Natural Disasters
    California Department of Public Health
Emergency Preparedness: Infant and Young Child Care and Feeding

Employer Responsibilities to meet Workplace Lactation Accommodation

    Rest Periods / Lactation Accommodation 
    (also see "Working Mothers")

    Resources for Employers and Managers

   Resources for Employees

  • Breastfeeding and Working Resources (approaching supervisors, etc.)
  • Labor Code Gives You Rights:
  • Employee’s Guide to Breastfeeding and Working
  • Breastfeeding and Working: moms share their stories in a video by the Colorado Breastfeeding Coalition
  • WorkAndPump: Support and information for working mothers 
  • Babies At Work: Carla Moquin has extensively researched how trailblazing companies                                                                                                                                                                                                                              are allowing mothers to bring their babies to work 


        Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine Clinical Protocol # 20:

        Reverse Pressure Softening - Helping mothers deal with Engorgement (
English) and Spanish
              Patient Handouts: (
English)  (Spanish)

Exclusive Breastfeeding
        California Model Hospital Policy #4:Hospital perinatal staff should support the mother’s choice 
            to breastfeed and encourage exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months.

        California Model Hospital Policy #8: Sterile water, glucose water, and artificial milk should not be given 
            to a breastfeeding infant without the mother’s informed consent and/or physician’s specific order.

        Baby Friendly Policy #8: 
            Give newborn infants no food or drink other than breastmilk, unless medically indicated.